Diary of Events

1849 John Boot opened a herbalist shop in Goose Gate, Nottingham.

1850 Jesse Boot was born in Nottingham.

1871 John's widow, Mary Boot, and son, Jesse began trading as M & J Boot, Herbalists.

1877 Jesse Boot took over control of the shop.

Early Boot and Co. Drug Store

1879 Edgar Moss was born in Staffordshire.

1883 Boot & Company Ltd formed.

1884 Boots first pharmacist appointed.

1885 Development of Boots manufacturing facilities around Island Street, Nottingham.

1888 Company renamed Boots Pure Drug Company Ltd.

1892 Flagship Boots store opened at Pelham Street, Nottingham.

1898 Boots Booklovers' Library established.

1902 Edgar Moss qualified as a pharmacist.

1915 Edgar Moss bought his first pharmacy business in Feltham.

Early Moss Chemist Shop

1920 Boots Pure Drug Company Ltd sold to the United Drug Company of America.

1921 Edgar Moss opened his second pharmacy in Hayes.

1923 Edgar Moss opened his first warehouse in Feltham, in a corrugated iron army hut.

1926 John Boot became Chairman of Boots Pure Drug Company Ltd.

1928 Edgar's son, Harold, joined the company as a qualified pharmacist and manager of the Southall store.

1929 D1 Soap factory, the first building on the new Beeston site, Nottingham, completed.

1931 Jesse Boot died at the age of 81

1933 Ownership of Boots returned to the UK. D10 "Wets" factory opened at Beeston. 1000th Boots store opened in Galashiels, Scotland.

1934 E. Moss Ltd formed. Harold Moss became Managing Director.

1935 No7 cosmetics launched.

Boots No. 7 promotional material

1936 First Boots branch in New Zealand opened. E. Moss Ltd moved to Fern Grove, Feltham.

1939 Soltan sun care range introduced.

1947 Boots established companies to carry out wholesale businesses in Australia, Canada, Pakistan and the Far East.

1948 Inauguration of the National Health Service.

1949 New Boots factory opened at Airdrie in Scotland to manufacture cosmetics. New Boots factory near Bombay in India went into production. Edgar Moss retired but continued as a Governing Director.

1951 First self-service Boots stores trialled in London.

1953 John Boot retired as chairman.

1954 E. Moss Ltd opened its first photographic store in Staines

1958 Edgar Moss died at the age of 79

1968 Boots acquired Timothy Whites & Taylors Ltd chemists and house ware chain. New Boots The Chemists Headquarters office, D90 opened at Beeston. Launch of 17 cosmetics. Fern Grove Head Office and warehouse extensions completed

1969 Boots launched Ibuprofen (Brufen) in the UK. E. Moss Ltd. established an Industrial Sales Division

1971 Company renamed The Boots Company Ltd. Acquisition of Crookes Laboratories Ltd by Boots.

1974 Harold Moss retired from the business

Moss Chemists Shop

1982 Company renamed The Boots Company PLC. New Boots factory opened at Cramlington, Northumberland.

1983 Nurofen launched, following the approval of Ibuprofen as an over the counter analgesic. Boots opened their first in-store optical practice.

1984 Boots (Retail Buying) Hong Kong Ltd established. Moss became the sole supplier of medical supplies to British Airways

1985 Boots Research Department received the Queen's Award for Technological Achievement for the discovery and development of ibuprofen.

1987 Boots Opticians Ltd formed, with the acquisition of Clement Clarke Ltd and Curry and Paxton Ltd. Boots Opticians became the UK's second largest retail optics chain.

1989 Boots Property Division established. Natural Collection launched.

1990 Boots Contract Manufacturing and Boots Healthcare International established. UniChem Plc acquires Moss Chemists. The company begins a period of rapid expansion, acquiring an average of 65 branches per year.

1992 Electronic Point of Sale (EPOS) computer installation completed in all Boots stores.

1994 Moss acquires the Selles Pharmacy chain based in the Hull area.

1995 Boots Pharmaceuticals sold to BASF. Botanics skincare range launched

1996 First Boots store in the Irish Republic opened, in Dublin.

1997 UniChem Plc merges with Alliance Santé to become Alliance UniChem making it one of the largest pharmaceutical distributors in Europe. Boots Advantage Card launched.

Advantage Card promotional material

1998 Acquisition of Hayes, Conyngham and Robinson, and Connors, making Boots the largest retail pharmacy chain in Ireland.

1999 Moss Chemists re-launches itself as Moss Pharmacy.

2000 Bootsphoto.com launched - a new, complete e-photo service.

2001 Boots Opticians offer the world's first disposable hearing aid, Songbird. Moss relocates its head office to Fern House, Feltham.

2002 Company renamed Boots Group PLC.

2003 Online shopping channel renamed boots.com

2004 Moss begins development of its new Advanced Pharmacy Management System. The new system is compliant with the new NHS contract and covers the requirements of not only England and Wales but also Scotland.

2005 Moss Pharmacy announced that its network of 878 community pharmacies were to be re-branded as Alliance Pharmacy. Alliance Pharmacy announces the acquisition of Bairds Chemists in Northern Ireland. Bairds is the largest multiple pharmacy chain in Northern Ireland.

2006 Boots Healthcare International is sold to Reckitt Benckiser Boots Group merged with Alliance Unichem to form Alliance Boots PLC, an international pharmacy-led health and beauty group.

2007 Alliance Boots was acquired by AB Acquisitions Ltd, a company formed by Stefano Pessina, Executive Chairman Alliance Boots and Kholberg Kravis Roberts.